安杰莉卡·考夫曼:从天才少女到炙手可热的艺术家

安杰莉卡·考夫曼:从天才少女到炙手可热的艺术家
2020年03月24日 10:28 澎湃新闻

8888网上真人娱乐网站  ANJIELIKA·KAOFUMANSHIYINGGUOHUANGJIAMEISHUXUEYUANCHUANGSHICHENGYUAN,YESHITIAOZHANCHUANTONGDEYISHUJIA。JINNIAN,HUANGJIAMEISHUXUEYUANJIANGJUBAN“ANJIELIKA·KAOFUMAN”DAXINGZHANLAN,JIANGSHUYOUTIANCAISHAONVDAOZHISHOUKEREDEYISHUJIADEFAZHANGUIJI。ZUOWEIXINGUDIANZHUYIDAIBIAO,KAOFUMANWEIHUANGJIAMEISHUXUEYUANCHUANGZUODE《SHEJI》《CHUANGZAO》《GOUTU》《SECAI》SIFUDAXINGTIANDINGHUADOUJIANGBEIZHANSHI,ZHANLANJIANGYUJINNIANZHONGQIZHENGSHIKAIFANG。

  ANJIELIKA·KAOFUMAN(Angelica Kauffman),1741SHENGYURUISHIKUER,SHIXIAOXIANGHUA、SHIBIHUAHUAJIAYUESHU·YUESEFU·KAOFUMAN( Johann Joseph Kauffman)ZHINV。KAOFUMANNIANYOUSHIJIUBEIRENWEISHISHENTONG。TAJINGTONGSIMENYUYAN,GESHENGDONGREN,WEIMAN15SUIJIUKAISHIXIEZHUFUQINHUIZHIJIAOTANGZHUANGSHIHUA,HAICHUANGZUOLESHUFUXIAOXIANGHUA。

  ANJIELIKA·KAOFUMAN《ZIHUAXIANGHEZHIHUINVSHENBANXIONGXIANG》,1780NIAN,BUMIANYOUHUA

8888网上真人娱乐网站  1762NIAN,KAOFUMANSUITONGFUQINQUWANGFOLUOLUNSA,CINIANQIANWANGLUOMA——DANGSHIXINGUDIANZHUYISHENGXINGDEZHONGYAODIQU。KAOFUMANZAILUOMACHUMINGHOU,JIEDAOXUDUOWEITUO,YOUXIELAIZITUJINGLUOMADESHENFENGAOGUIDELVREN,YOUXIELAIZILUOMADANGDISHIMIN。

  YUTONGSHIDAIDADUOSHUNVXINGYISHUJIABUTONGDESHI,KAOFUMANLIZHIYUCHUANGZUOLISHIHUA,ERDANGSHIDERENMENPUBIANRENWEI,LISHIHUASHINANXINGHUAJIAZHUANSHUDEHUIHUALEIXING。ZAINEIZHIQIAN,NVXINGYIZHIQINGXIANGYUCHUANGZUOXIAOXIANGHUAHUOZHEJINGWUHUA。

  ANJIELIKA·KAOFUMAN《ZIHUAXIANG》,1787,BUMIANYOUHUA

  ANJIELIKA·KAOFUMAN《ZIHUAXIANG:ZAIYINLEHEHUIHUAJIANZUOYOULIANGNAN》,1794NIAN,BUMIANYOUHUA

  1765NIAN,KAOFUMANLIKAILUOMALAIDAOWEINISI,ZAINEILIJIESHILEYIWEIYINGGUOWAIJIAOGUANDEFUREN,BINGSHOUYAOFANGWENYINGGUO。CINIAN,KAOFUMANDIYICILIKAIFUQIN,DUZIQIANWANGLUNDUN,BINGZAINEILIZHULESHIWUNIAN。TAHENKUAIZHANWENJIAOGEN,RONGRUDANGDIHUOYUEDESHEJIAOQUAN,BINGCHUANGZUOLEDALIANGXIAOXIANGHUA,YOUCIGUOZHEFUZUDESHENGHUO。KAOFUMANZAILUNDUNSHI,HAIYUDANGSHIDEXIAOXIANGHUAJUBOQIAOSHUYA·LEINUOZIJUESHI( Sir Joshua Reynolds)CHENGLEMIYOU。ZHEIWEIYISHUJIASHIFENZHICHIKAOFUMANDEZUOPIN,WEILEJINIANZHEIDUANYOUYI,TAMENHAIHUALEBICIDEXIAOXIANG。

8888网上真人娱乐网站  KAOFUMANHETONGXINGMALI·MOZE( Mary Moser)DEMINGZIJUNZAILUNDUNHUANGJIAMEISHUXUEYUANDECHUANGSHIRENZHILIE。KAOFUMANDEMINGZINENGYURUCIPOJUSHENGWANGDEQUNTILIANXIZAIYIQI,BIANSHITAZUOWEIYIMINGLISHIHUAHEXIAOXIANGHUAHUAJIASHILIHECHENGJIUDEZHENGMING。1769NIAN,XUEYUANZAIJUBANSHOUCIZHANLANSHI,ZHANCHULEKAOFUMANDESIFUHUAZUO。DAO1778NIAN,TACONGXUEYUANJIEDAOLEGENGDUOWEITUO,BINGHUOYAOWEIGANGSHEJIHAODEYANJIANGTINGHUIZHISIFUDAXINGYUYIHUA,ZHEIYESHITAZUICHENGGONGDEZHUANGSHIHUAZUOPIN,ZUHUAYI“YISHUSIYAOSU”WEITICAI,MEIFUHUAZHONGDOUYIYIWEINVXINGDAIBIAOYISHUDEBUTONGYUANSU,4FUHUAFENBIEMINGWEI《SHEJI》《CHUANGZAO》《GOUTU》《SECAI》。KAOFUMANCONGNVXINGDESHIJIAOCHUANGZUOLISHIHUA,MIAOHUIDUIXIANGDUOSHIGUDIANWENXIANZHONGDENVZHURENGONG。

  ANJIELIKA·KAOFUMAN《SHEJI》,1778-1780NIAN,BUMIANYOUHUA,HUANGJIAMEISHUXUEYUAN,LUNDUN

  ANJIELIKA·KAOFUMAN《CHUANGZAO》,1778-1780NIAN,BUMIANYOUHUA,HUANGJIAMEISHUXUEYUAN,LUNDUN

  ANJIELIKA·KAOFUMAN《GOUTU》,1778-1780NIAN,BUMIANYOUHUA,HUANGJIAMEISHUXUEYUAN,LUNDUN

  ANJIELIKA·KAOFUMAN《SECAI》,1778-1780NIAN,BUMIANYOUHUA,HUANGJIAMEISHUXUEYUAN,LUNDUN

8888网上真人娱乐网站  NEISHI,KAOFUMANYONGYOUSHUSHISHENGHUODECAIWUBAOZHANG。TADECHUANGZUOXIANGMUBAOKUOYOUHUA、SHUJICHATU、WEIXINGHUA,HAIWEIMENGTAGUGONGHUIZHIZHUANGSHIHUA。ZHEICHUANGJIANZHUWEIYULUNDUNSHIZHONGXINMEIFEIERQUBOTEMANGUANGCHANG,YOUCHUOHAO“YADIANREN”DEJIANZHUSHIZHANMUSI·SITUERTE(James Stuart)SHEJI。

  ANJIELIKA·KAOFUMAN《ZAISHUSHANGYITOUXIUXIDENVZI》(Woman resting her head on a book),1770NIAN,SHIKEBANHUA。ZHEIFUHUAYUHUAJIABENRENXINGXIANGJIEJIN,HENKENENGSHIYIFUZIHUAXIANG。

8888网上真人娱乐网站  ANJIELIKA·KAOFUMAN 《LUODUOPEIGONGZHUYUAIJIFALAOPUSAMEITIKEGUSHIDECHANGJINGHUA》(A scene from the story of Rhodope and King Psammetichus of Egypt),1780,QIANBI、MOSHUIDENG

8888网上真人娱乐网站  1781NIAN,KAOFUMANYUWEINISIHUAJIAANDONGNIAO·ZUJI( Antonio Zucchi)JIEHUN,LIANGRENYIQILIKAILEYINGGUO。CIHOU,TAZHUYAOJUZHUZAIYIDALI,HUOYUEZAIWEINISI、LUOMAHENEIBULESISANDI。CISHI,KAOFUMANZAIGUOJISHANGXIANGYOUSHENGMING,YONGYOUJIGAODESHENGYU。WUSHUDEBANHUAHEFUZHIHUADOUSHIGENJUTADEZUOPINZHIZUODE。

  ANJIELIKA·KAOFUMAN 《NIU》,1762-1807NIAN,SHIKEBANHUA

8888网上真人娱乐网站  ANJIELIKA·KAOFUMAN《SHENZHETUERQIQUNZHUANGDEXIAOJIE》(Lady in a Turkish Dress), 1775NIAN,YINSHUAPIN

8888网上真人娱乐网站  1795NIANZHIHOU,SHOUNAPOLUNZAIYIDALIJINGNEIFAQIDEDUOCHANGZHANYIDEYINGXIANG,CONGHAIWAIJIEDAOWEITUOBIANDEYUEFAKUNNAN,KAOFUMANBUDEBUFANGHUANGONGZUODEJIEZOU。JINGUANRUCI,TARENGSHILUOMASHEHUIDEHEXINRENWU。YINWEITAKEYILIULIDISHUOYIDALIYU、FAYU、YINGYUHEDEYU,YINCITADEGONGZUOSHILIHUIJULEZHUANGYOUZHONGDEOUZHOUGUIZU、YISHUSHANG、YISHUJIAHEZUOJIA,YUEHAN·WOERFUGANG·FENG·GEDE( Johann Wolfgang von Goethe)YEZAIQIZHONG。KAOFUMANYU1807NIANZAILUOMASHISHI,TALIUXIALEYUEWUBAIFUZUOPIN,QIZHONGYUEYOULIANGBAIFUZHIJINRENGKEZHUISU。CIWAI,TAZHIJINRENGSHIXINGUDIANZHUYIZUIJIECHUDEDAIBIAORENWUZHIYI。

  安杰莉卡·考夫曼(Angelica Kauffman)

  ZHANQI:2020NIAN6YUE28RI-9YUE20RI

  DIDIAN:HUANGJIAMEISHUXUEYUAN,LUNDUN

  MENPIAO:14YINGBANG

  (本文资料参考《女性艺术家》、皇家美术学院网站,图源:皇家美术学院网站。) 

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