历经七百多年 永乐宫壁画为何依然鲜艳夺目?

历经七百多年 永乐宫壁画为何依然鲜艳夺目?
2020年03月24日 10:15 新浪艺术

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  永乐宫壁画的用色特点

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  永乐宫壁画色彩悦目的原因

  YONGLEGONGBIHUASECAIXIANMING,DALIANGSHIYONG“CHUNSE”,DANHUAMIANYANSEBINGBUCIYAN,QIYUANYINYOUSANGE:

  第一永乐宫壁画绘制于元代,由于技术条件和制作成本的限制,画工多采用自然材料自行磨制成颜料,因此其鲜明度和纯净度并不很高,没有像今天化工产品“三原色”那么高的纯度。8888网上真人娱乐网站所以画工制作的高纯度的颜料基本都是混合有其他颜色的“纯色”。石绿会偏白,土红会偏黑,黄色会偏红,其他的像花青、赭石、烟脂等也都有一定的偏色现象,因为绘画使用的“纯色”颜料本身就是经过调配的,所以将这些“纯色”直接使用,不经过再次调和也不会让画面因为纯度过高而显得炸眼。

  第二画面使用黑色线条勾勒,并大量间隔的使用白色。根据色彩和谐的法则:“连贯同一色调和”的原则,当画面色彩过分的强烈刺激,显的十分不调和,为了使画面达到统一调和的色彩效果,使用黑、白、灰、金、银或同一色线加以勾勒,使之相互连贯又相互隔离而达到统一。这是壁画色彩和谐的第二个因素。

  第三永乐宫壁画整体色调以青绿为主,其互补色和对比色色块所占面积较小,8888网上真人娱乐网站根据色彩和谐的法则:色相上最强烈的互补色的对比,会因为色彩面积的大小悬殊减弱对比效果这一原则,壁画上最强的互补色——红色以及相邻颜色不会影响壁画色彩的和谐统一,反而能避免因色彩过于和谐而产生的呆板现象。 

  YISHANGSANDIAN,SHIYONGLEGONGBIHUASECAIJIRANGRENGANDAOXIANYANYUEMU,YOUDADAOYISHUDEHEXIETONGYIDEZHUYAOYUANYIN。

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  ZAIJINTIANKANLAI,ZHEIZHONGSECAISHANGDEBIAOXIANJIQIAOJUEDUISHIZHONGGUOZHONGCAIHUIHUAYISHUSHISHANGDEDIANFAN。

  曾完整复制过永乐宫壁画的画家黄金鹏评论永乐宫壁画的色彩说:“壁画在色彩运用方面独具特色。多采用矿物质石色经久不变。富于装饰性的重彩勾填画法,与线描相得益彰对于表现特定内容和气氛恰到好处。整个色调以青绿为主,浓艳而沉着,极具装饰性。从永乐宫壁画可以看出中国画家在壁画创作上善于使用重彩,并在长期的艺术实践中,不断的完善、成熟,直达巅峰。历经七百多年,这些色彩依然鲜艳夺目,让人们感受到当年那炫目的富丽与尊贵。”

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